In 2018 transshipments in intermodal terminals increased by 10.6% in comparison to 2017, the Central Statistical Office (GUS) reported on Monday. Calculations show that last year there were 35 active terminals, five more than a year ago.
GUS (central statistical office) explained
that intermodal transport allows to create modern transport chains connecting two or more modes of transport in one system. It is based on nodes which are points of contact between different transport branches, participating in the movement of goods without changing the transport unit. The greater the number of nodes (land and sea terminals), the easier the access to the network of connections.
In Poland, in 2018, 35 terminals were active – six sea terminals handled sea-rail and sea-road shipments, and 29 land terminals handled rail-road shipments.
In 2018, the total length of transshipment quays in maritime terminals amounted to 7.1 km, of which 88.6% were quays for handling cargo units in the lo-lo system. It concerns the loading and unloading of an intermodal transport unit by means of e.g. ship’s mast cranes or cranes.
The parking and manoeuvring area covered 7.1 ha, and the total storage area of the terminals was 162 ha, including 134 ha for containerised units. The capacity of storage yards was 93.2 thousand TEU (standard unit corresponding to the capacity of a 20-foot ISO container with dimensions of 6.10 x 2.44 x 2.59 m).
According to the data of the Central Statistical Office (GUS)
sea terminals had a total of 13.5 km of tracks for normal gauge railways, of which 67.9% were intended directly for loading/unloading intermodal units. The average length of the depot served at the maritime terminal was 53 wagons.
In 2018, the parking and maneuvering area in land terminals occupied a total of 22.4 ha, and the total storage area of terminals – 124.3 ha, including 78 ha for containerised units. The capacity of storage yards was 90.7 thousand TEU.
Land terminals in 2018 had a total of 78.2 km of tracks for normal gauge railways, including 51.1% intended directly for loading/unloading intermodal units. The average length of the depot served at the land terminal is 33 wagons.
According to the Central Statistical Office, the total annual transshipment capacity of intermodal transport terminals amounted to 9.1 million TEU, including sea terminals – 6.3 million TEU and land terminals – 2.8 million TEU. In 2018 in intermodal terminals a total of 67.3 million tons of containerized cargo was transshipped, including 27.6 million tons transported by sea (41% of all cargo transshipped in sea and land terminals), 22.4 million tons by road (33.3%), and 17.3 million tons by rail (25.7%).
In 2018, intermodal transport was dominated by cargoes from the group of mixed goods, without food – 23.9%. (increase by 10.2 p.p. compared to the previous year), cargoes from the group of chemicals, chemical products, synthetic fibres, rubber and plastic products; nuclear fuel – 15.5 p.p. (increase by 10.2 p.p. compared to the previous year), cargoes from the group of chemicals, chemical products, synthetic fibres, rubber and plastic products; nuclear fuel – 15.5 p.p. (increase by 10.2 p.p. compared to the previous year). (increase by 7.4 pp) and cargoes from the group of food products, beverages and tobacco – 11.7%. (7.2 p.p. increase).
In 2018, more than 22 million tonnes of containerised cargo were transported by intermodal road transport.
The share of domestic transport, similarly to the previous year, exceeded 98 percent. The largest amount of domestic intermodal road transport loads was transported to and from the Pomorskie (26.5 percent), Łódzkie (23.7 percent) and Wielkopolskie (6.3 percent) voivodships. The highest increase in transported tones of containerized cargo in comparison with the previous year was recorded in the Zachodniopomorskie and Lubuskie Voivodships. Less cargo than in the previous year was transported to and from the Wielkopolskie and Lubuskie Voivodships – informed the office.
In international transport, similarly as in 2017, transport to and from Germany dominated.